In reply to my article Deebing Creek’ Home of Yowies and Original custodians, Paul John McLeod from Queensland sent us a detailed historical research on the topic. For more info on the history of Deebing Creek read my REPORT.
About the Yowie and Deebing Creek, by Paul John McLeod
I was invited to the Deebin Creek mission in South Eastern Queensland by the Yuggera / Ugarapul peoples in 2018 for the purpose of obtaining video evidence of a “Hairyman” ,commonly refered to as a “Yowie” ,that had allegedly been harrassing the protest encampment at night. The camp was established on the site with the purpose of halting plans to re-develop the site into a housing suburb, effectivly destroying the significant Yuggera / Ugarapul historical site.
At the time I invited film maker Chris Sun to accompany me to Deebin creek in order to document the plight of the Yuggera and Ugarapul peoples, and their fight against the re-development proposal. My investigation consisted of an inital meeting with members of the Yuggera and Ugarapul people, whom were manning the protest camp site. This was followed by a daylight video search of the grounds around the encampment, including the section of Deebin creek that passes through the historic mission site, snaking down from Mount Barney to the south of the camp.
Two weeks after my initial daylight investigation I returned to the camp site, late at night and un-announced. The people staying at the camp welcomed me back and I showed them a recent footprint plaster casting of a giant four toed creature, obtained only a week earlier at Toogoolawah, a short distance north of Deebin creek mission.
Members of the Ugarapul people manning the night camp, showed me large footprint impressions located a mere ten meters from the camp parimeter ,leading towards the creek, and found that very day. As I gave no notice of when I would be returning to the camp at night, it can be safe to assume the in situ footprints were indeed freshly made and quite genuine. I filmed the entire site including the lenghthy section of Deebin creek that passes through the mission site and on towards Mount Barney.
BACKGROUND RESEARCH: THE HAIRYMAN
The third part of my investigation consisted of historical archival research concerning Deebin creek mission and it’s history, this included any potential “Yowie” sightings documented or reported from the region. It was during the latter phase that I un-covered a potential mis-carridge of justice concerning a 2015 Federal court ruling against native title claim lodged by representatives of the Yuggera and Ugarapul peoples.
The article you are about to read came about as a matter general research, compiled whilst independently attempting to confirm a very specific set of quotations attributed to a figure known as “Old Bungaree” a Gunnadah Aboriginal Elder” as stated in an online article concerning the Australian Yowie. The article cites the following statement by a figure identified only as “Bungaree”.
“Old Bungaree, a Gunedah Aboriginal said ,at one time there were tribes of them yahoos and they were the original inhabitants of the country , he said they were the old race of blacks the yahoos and the blacks used to fight and the blacks always beat them, but the yahoo always made away from the blacks being a faster runner mostly.”
The article cites the quotation as comming from “The Wallabadah manuscript: recollections of the early days : the early history of the northern districts of New South Wales”. Authored by William Telfer the younger, Self titled “Oldest native on the western bank of the peel river.”
I was searching for more information on Willliam Tefler’s reference to “Old Bungaree” and his rerence to the Yahoo as being a group of ancient tribes that existed before homo sapiens sapiens arrived on the continent of Australia at least 60,000 years ago.
The Yahoo the Hairyman and The Yowie
“The natives of Australia believe in the Yahoo. This being they describe as resembling a man of nearly the same height, with long white hair hanging down from the head over the features the arms as extraordinarily long, furnished at the extremities with great talons. Altogether, they describe it as a hideous monster of an unearthly character and ape-like appearance.”
SOURCE: “Superstitions of the Australian Aborigines: The Yahoo” Australian and New Zealand Monthly Magazine, February 1842
It was during this research that I inadvertantly located a federal court document detailing the 2015 native title claim rejected by the Federal Court of Australia. What I uncovered changed the fabric and direction of my initial research.
Instead of folk stories, detailing the Yahoo, better known in the modern era as the Yowie, I instead uncovered a potential mis-carridge of justice aimed at blocking the Yuggera / Ugarapul peoples native title claim, concerning regions aound Brisbane, the captol city of Queensland.
NOTE: The entire Federal Court transcript is annexed to this work.
“The Federal Court of Australia ”
“Yugara People v State of Queensland” 2015″
“DESMOND SANDY, RUTH JAMES and PEARL SANDY ON BEHALF OF THE YUGARA / YUGARAPUL PEOPLE”.
FACT : The correct spelling is Yuggera / Ugarapul people.
How can the Australian federal courts be trusted to fairly appraise a native title claim when even the tribes ancestral names are constantly spelled incorrectly throughout the proceedings in 2015?
What other inacuracies existed in the court proceedings, presented as “facts” used to reject the native title claim of the Yuggera / Ugarapul peoples?
OFFENSIVE AND INACURATE
The principal reason the claim was rejected by the courts was suposedly an inablity to correctly identify and link, a long enough family genology, which proved the Yuggera / Ugarapul people were the traditional owners of the land in question. Land that is incidently worth billions of dollars in terms of realestate development and investments towards the regions infrastructure.
The Honorable Justice Jessup presiding, stated the following in 2015
“For the sake of completeness, there is some suggestion in the final written submissions of the Yugara applicants that an aboriginal leader known as “King Bungaree” was one and the same man as the John Bungaree who changed his surname to Sandy. The former was reported in the Moreton Bay Courier for 9 October 1847, to have been a member of a party of aborigines which waylaid someone at the Rosewood Scrub. On no view of the evidence would John Bungaree have been alive in 1847? As Dr Powell accepted, these two men were obviously different people, and there is nothing to link King Bungaree with the Yugara applicants.”
I located the actual news article referenced in the court proceedings by Justice Jessup and it describes King Bungaree’s part in the incident as a voice of reason and diplomacy, which couldn’t be further from Justice Jessup’s paraphrased, generalisation of the incident.
Moreton Bay Courier for 9 October 1847
“On 26th February 1847 “Bonifant’s” maize crop somewhat west of Rosewood Scrub was raided again and after 5th October, Uncle Marney fresh back from his trial in Sydney staged further robberies from Rosewood Scrub, organizing 30 men to rob an employee of Mr. Birkett travelling towards South Brisbane. Some of them stripped him of his coat and waistcoat, but on the interference of “King Bungaree,” these were again retuned to him , in fact, the man was confident that were it not for Bungaree’s influence amongst them, they would have thrown him into a water hole, to which they had tried to entice him.”
The statement by Justice Jessup concerning King Bungaree and the Rosewood scrub incident is, at best an over generalisation of the reported allegations, at worst it is close to being a complete mis-representation of Bungaree’s involvment, bordering on coulteral slander.
OTHER REFERENCES TO BUNGAREE:
Yowie: Is one of many words to describe a much feared super-natural being. Other names include hairy man and “bungaree”.
The term “Yowie” does not refer to a wild hairyman or bigfoot like monster, rather it means chief or magician of a tribe. This explains why Bungaree was also called “Yowie”.
Sydney Mail NSW Wednesday 17th 1914
“AN ABORIGINAL LEGEND”
In some basalt country near the Macquarie River there are two strange volcanic outcrops about which the blacks had the following legend: Away at the back of Mookerawa, towards the Canoblas, lived Yowie, the all powerful magician of the Waradgeries, who under his rule lived with ease, for he demanded tribute from all weaker neighbouring tribes…”
Bungaree also translates its meaning as “My country” which seems to have quite a bit of significance in the case of King Bungaree also called “Yowie”.
The title and name “King Bungaree” can literaly be taken to mean “Yowie, chief and king of my country”
” Bungaree” also called “Boongaree”, was an Aboriginal Australian from the Kuringgai people of the Broken Bay area north of Sydney, who was known as an explorer, entertainer, and Aboriginal community leader. He was also known as “King Bungaree”. The suburb of Bongaree in Queensland, is named after him, which lends credence to the idea that the ” King Bungaree” noted in the 2015 native title claim was one and the same as the “King Bungaree” that saved an employee of a South Eastern Queensland land owner named Mr Birkett in circa 1847.
ABORIGINAL INSURGENCY: A TALE OF TWO KINGS
An anomaly arose concerning King Bungaree in the Rosewood region of South Eastern Queensland around the mid 1800’s. At that time tensions between the indigenous people and white setters had escalated into armed conflict. Notable warrior chieftain Uncle Marney also lead successful raiding parties out of the Rosewood region as far as Redbank. At that time these conflicts were orchestrated by “King Jackey Jackey” principle leader of the resistance along with the skilled warrior “Multuggerah” another resistance leader.
King Jackey Jackey and Multuggerah are known to have been invoved in the Rosewood skirmishes where King Bungaree is also mentioned, How then can there be two aboriginal Kings named to be in the Rosewood area at the time of the incident as cited by Justice Jessup?
The answer may lay in a report written in 2015 by Dr Ray Kirkhove. entitled “Indigenous history and indigenous use of Rosewood scrub” In which he cites the following:
“Toby,” informed me that “Uncle Marney” was amongst the mob, and that since his return from Sydney, where he had seen the “budgeree Governor,he was murra saucy ”
It is probable that Toby’s mention of Uncle Marney may refer to his traveling back to South Eastern Queensland from Sydney NSW in company with King Bungaree himself , and refered to him as ” The Budgeree Governor” .”King Bungaree” famous for his interventions between white and Aboriginal communities. Known as a peace maker in a time of violent strife and murder. This ability to bridge divides and foster understanding are some of the traits famously attributed to the historical King Bungaree of the Garigal Clan in NSW, known to have circum navigated Australia with Mathew Flinders also known to have visited Bribie Island in qld.
If this senario occured and King Bungaree himself, mediated conflicts between the Aboriginal peoples and white settlers in South Eastern Queensland in the 1800’s then the native title claim filed in the Queensland Federal Court by the Yuggera / Ugarapul people is a valid claim in terms of direct geneology connecting King Bungaree with John Bungaree or as Justice Jessup states…
…“King Bungaree” was one and the same man as the John Bungaree who changed his surname to Sandy. The former was reported in the Moreton Bay Courier for 9 October 1847, to have been a member of a party of aborigines which waylaid someone at the Rosewood Scrub. On no view of the evidence would John Bungaree have been alive in 1847.
Unfortunatly Justice Jessup accepted the in acurate research submitted as expert testomy of Dr Powell and goes on to statye…
As Dr Powell accepted, these two men were obviously different people, and there is nothing to link King Bungaree with the Yugara applicants…
This is a clear miscarrage of justice against the original caretakers of the land being the Yuggera / Ugarapul peoples of South Eastern Queensland.
NEW GENEOLOGY RESEARCH: King Bungaree’s decendants.
King Bungaree of the Garigal clan NSW 1775 – 1830
Father of Bowen Bungaree, Sarah (Bungaree) Lewis, Sophy (Bungaree) Webb and John Bungaree
John Bungaree, 1829 – 1855
John Bungaree was born in 1829, in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, to Bungaree- Aboriginal Bungaree and Cora Bungaree.
John had 3 siblings: Sarah Lewis, Bowen Bungaree and Sophy Webb.
John passed away in 1855, at age 26 in Burnett River, Queensland, Australia
Bowen Bungaree 1799 Sydney, New South Wales, Australia – abt 1853
Sarah (Bungaree) Lewis 1803 New South Wales, Australia – 06 Nov 1880 photo
Sophy (Bungaree) Webb 1810 Brisbane Water District, New South Wales, Australia – 1877
John Bungaree 1829 Sydney, New South Wales, Australia – 1855
Unknown Bungaree – 24 Nov 1830
John Bungaree 1859 Brisbane, Queensland, Australia – Aug 1943
Bungaree- Aboriginal Bungaree Sarah Lewis Bowen Bungaree.
FINAL COMMENTS AND ADDITIONAL MATERIAL
It is my hope that this research brief and the new information it contains can be further continued by a better qualified member of acadenmia for the betterment of the Yuggera / Ugarapul peoples and their fight to protect the land.
Paul John McLeod
October 2nd 2020
South Eastern Queensland
King Bungaree was an Indigenous Australian Aboriginal he was of the Garigal Clan and Pittwater People or saltwater people thought to be the Carigal band of the Guringai language group.
Bungaree became the first known Aboriginal person to circumnavigate Australia and contribute to the mapping of the Australian coastline.
A short man with a sharp intellect, Bungaree arrived in Sydney in the 1790s with the remains of his Kuring-gai mob, after conflicts with white settlers had escalated along the Hawkesbury River. He must have quickly made a mark in the fledging colony, as by 1798 he was employed on a 60-day round trip to Norfolk Island on the HMS Reliance, where he met the young English naval lieutenant Matthew Flinders. Flinders was so impressed with Bungaree’s friendly demeanor, intuition and bravery that the following year he took him on a coastal survey voyage to Bribie Island and Hervey Bay (Qld) on the 25-tonne longboat Norfolk.
Bungaree was a brilliant diplomat and despite language barriers could quickly ascertain the wishes of the coastal Aboriginal groups they encountered. Flinders therefore used him again on his most exploratory voyage, the circumnavigation of Australia in the HMS Investigator, from 1802 to 1803. It was on this expedition that much of Australia’s unknown coastline was mapped.
Back in Sydney, Bungaree established a reputation as a brilliant mimic, imitating the walk and mannerisms of various governors and personalities. He was given fine clothing, including military cloaks and a hat. Governor Macquarie took a particular liking to Bungaree, and gave him both the fictitious title ‘King of the Broken Bay Aborigines’ and the first Aboriginal land grant, on Georges Head, where he briefly grew peaches and other produce.
In 1817, Bungaree sailed to north-western Australia with Phillip Parker King in the 76-tonne cutter HMS Mermaid, again showing his skill as a diplomat and intermediary between white and black people. He died in Sydney in 1830 and was buried at Rose Bay.
Many paintings exist of Bungaree in his European garb. He is also remembered through the naming of the Bongaree settlement on Bribie Island and, early in 2015, the naming of a walk at Mosman, Sydney, from Chowder Bay to Georges Heights, where his farm had been located.
King Bungaree, prior to his alleged official passing in 1830, related many oral traditions of his people which were abridged and compiled into a children’s book entitled “King Bungaree’s Pyalla’ by Author Mary A Fitzgerald in 1891
AUTHORS NOTE : MYSTICAL CONNECTIONS
Whilst these incarnations of King Bungaree are separated by death and decades there remains the possibility that King Bungaree himself, a noted “Clever man” may have had access to mystical understandings that defy scientific explanation. These displays of being in two places at the same time have been witnessed by researcher Graham Hancock as told by Steven Strong, noted indigenous researcher. Just to show that such a notion is not as farfetched as it might seem, Quantum physics allows for sub atomic particles to be in two states and two places at the same time.
NOTES ON THE 1847 ROSEWOOD INCIDENT
The Federal Court of Australia “Yugara People v State of Queensland” 2015
The Federal Court noted the historical anomaly of there being two “King Bungaree’s” concluding that they were two separate individuals ,both being un-related to John Bungaree an historical person of note listed in a the native title claim relating to the Brisbane area.
“Colonial Times and Tasmanian, writing on 18 May 1850, mentioned “Molrooben, a celebrated chieftain, whose hunting grounds extended from the Dividing Range to the Logan River”. Of some interest on the question of the interactions between clans in the Brisbane area is this correspondent’s description of a “great fight” which took place between the coastal tribes and the mountain tribes. The former were led in the fight by the leader of the Amity Point tribe, Eulopè, who had three seconds, including the Duke of York and “Molrooben”.
A BUNYIP NOTED IN THE COURT DOCUMENTS
Mrs. James was told by her elders about many spirits, which she named in her affidavit One on which she elaborated when questioned by counsel for the State was the bunyip which lived in “Il Bogan Lagoon” outside Beaudesert.
Her grandmother told her that it was possible to hear the bunyip travelling under the ground between different waterholes: this was “the Spirit thunder”.
Using the English equivalents, the other spirits mentioned by Mrs. James were the Sky-god (or “great spirit”), the Creator spirit, the “bad feelings/leave that place” spirit, the “ghost/spirit”, the “little hairy men” spirit, and the old spirit witch of the mountains.
The two last-mentioned of these would grab children and take them away from their parents if they broke the law.
“There were haunted spirit places, such as Mt Lindesay, where Mrs. James’ father advised her not to go. She was advised to leave any place where “the spirit wind starts up”, or at least to behave herself there. She was advised by her mother not to look behind when walking in the dark, lest she “get caught”. She was told that there were places where only men or women should go, places to avoid altogether after dark, and places where the spirits “throw stones at you”.
Federal Court of Australia ruling on Yugara People v State of Queensland 2015
Additional material sourced from